SME035-HW Roland at Roncesvalles, The Age of Charlemagne
In the 7th century, the power of the Merovingian kings of the Franks was passing to the regional governors known as mayors of the palace. One of these, Pepin of Landen, was mayor in Austrasia, in the north-east of the Frankish lands. His daughter married a certain Bishop Arnulf, and their descendants were known as Arnulfings. They were the first Carolingians, who later took their name from Charles Martel, ruler of the whole kingdom (719-41), conqueror of modern France, and of the Muslims in the crucial battle of Poitiers (or Tours) in 732, and was succeeded by his son, Pepin the Short, the first Carolingian king.