CID-02 Alvar Fanez Minaya, El Cid and the Reconquista


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Alvar Fanez (died 1114AD) was a Leonese nobleman and military leader under Alfonso VI of Leon and Castile.
He became the subject of legend, immortalised by the Poema de Mio Cid, into Alvar Fanez Minaya, a loyal vassal and commander under El Cid, during the latter’s exile and his conquest of Valencia.
In the “Poema de Mio Cid”, he becomes one of the main characters, and is transformed from his historical role as loyal vassal and general of Alonso VI to a simular role in the retinue of El Cid. He is written as often being given military command when Cid splits his forces, and accompanies the Cid during his exile.
He is depcted as a paragon of loyalty, not only being true to his uncle El Cid, but also unwavering in his defence of his kinsmen.
Historically he is credited with the reconquest of Guadalajara where a Moorish tower , the “Torreon de Alvar Fanez” is named after him.