SCAN-04 Two Infantry Casualties, 1st Canadian Regiment, Continental Army
This regiment of the Continental Line, under the command of Colonel Moses Hazen, was recruited at large during 1776, and was known as “Congress’s Own,” because it was not attached to the quota of any one of the states. It was composed of men from all the states and from Canada, but most were from Pennsylvania and Canada. Throughout the war, it was known as a splendid command. The uniform of the battalion companies until 1779, was brown faced with white. After that date the facings were changed to red.
In August 1777, the regiment was assigned to Benedict Arnold on his expedition in relief of the Siege of Fort Stanwix. It then saw service in both Battles of Saratoga as part of Ebenezer Learned’s brigade.
The Continental Army was formed by the Second Continental Congress after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War by the colonies that became the United States of America. Established by a resolution of the Congress on June 14, 1775, it was created to coordinate the military efforts of the Thirteen Colonies in their revolt against the rule of Great Britain. The Continental Army was supplemented by local militias and troops that remained under control of the individual states or were otherwise independent. General George Washington was the commander-in-chief of the army throughout the war.