SGEN-01 General Horatio Lloyd Gates

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Description

Horatio Lloyd Gates (July 26, 1727 – April 10th 1806) was a British born soldier who served as a leading American General during the early years of the Revolutionary War. He was the main American commander at the battle of Saratoga in 1777.

Born in the town of Malden in Essex, Gates served in the British Army during the War of Austrian Succession, as well as the French and Indian War. Frustrated by his inability to advance in the army, Gates sold his commission and established a small plantation in Virginia. On Washington’s recommendation, the Continental Congress made Gates the Adjutant General of the Continental army in 1775. He was assigned command of the Northern Department in 1777. Soon after, Gates took charge of the Northern Department, the Continental Army defeated the British at the crucial Battles of Saratoga. After the battle, some members of Congress considered replacing Washington with Gates, but Washington ultimately retained his position as Commander in Chief of the Continental Army.

Gates took command of the Southern Department in 1780, but was removed from command later that year after the disastrous Battle of Camden. Gate’s military reputation was destroyed by the battle and he did not hold another command for the remainder of the war.