ROM038-KC Gaius Julius Caesar
The first of the Roman rulers and probably, the most famous. A Roman statesman and military general, Caesar played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire. Among his many achievements were the successful acquisition of Britain and the defeat of Gaul and bridging the Rhine.
As the successful victor of the Roman Civil War he enjoyed unrivalled power and influence and used it to begin a program of social and governmental reforms, including the creation of the Julian Calendar.
He also gave citizenship to many residents of the far regions of the Roman Republic as well as providing land reform and financial support for army veterans. Although popular with most of Rome’s people he angered many of the city’s elite and in 44 BC was assassinated.
Still, he remains, to this day, Ancient Rome’s most famous ruler. He is depicted here as he would have appeared on campaign, leading his army.